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10 Famous Tourist Destinations In Bac Giang

10 FAMOUS TOURIST DESTINATIONS IN BAC GIANG

Bac Giang province is well-known not only for the traditional cultural and historical background but also for the beautiful landscape and sightseeing places, which has attracted many visitors to come to enjoy the natural fresh air as well as the ancient architectures. Please take your time to the 10 famous tourist destinations in the northern province of Bac Giang.

  1. Vinh Nghiem Pagoda:

Vinh Nghiem pagoda is the first tourist destination in Bac Giang. It has been considered as the place of Truc Lam Zen Buddhism and kept special position in the history of Buddhism in the Tran Dynasty in particular and Vietnamese Buddhism in general.

It was built under the reign of King Ly Thai To (1009 – 1028) with the name as Chuc Thanh Pagoda. To the reign of King Tran Nhan Tong, the pagoda was restored, enlarged and renamed as Vinh Nghiem.

The pagoda was used as a preaching place for the three Truc Lam ancestors, namely King Tran Nhan Tong, Monks Phap Loa and Huyen Quang. It was also used as a major publishing house of Vietnamese Buddhism, where edited, carved, and published many important texts and sutras of Truc Lam Zen. In May 2012, Buddhist Sutra Woodblocks of Truc Lam Zen stored at the pagoda were recognized as World Documentary Heritage by UNESCO.

Vinh Nghiem Pagoda contains great cultural, historical values and also stands out by harmonious architecture with an area of more than 10,000m². The main architecture of the pagoda lies on a south-west axis and is composed of four principal areas.

The first area includes Ho Pagoda and temples of Thieu Huong and Buddhist. The interior of the Ho Pagoda is adorned with many statues; at the two gables there are two Thap Dien niches, two colossi as high as the roof. The Thieu Huong Temple is splendidly decorated with three horizontal panels and a gilded door; the first compartment is for bonzes to say prayers, the second is for the display of Buddha and Arhats statues. The Buddhist Temple is a world of Buddha statues bearing many architectural imprints of the Le Dynasty.

brick yard separates the second area from the first and is an ancestral shrine built in a simple architectural style with wooden planks and cloud – like decorations. The panel is inscribed with the words “Truc Lam ho thuong” (A rendezvous of the Truc Lam Trinity) in Han characters and is seen above the three statues of the Truc Lam Trinity.

The third area is the two-roofed bell tower and the fourth is the second ancestral shrine hosting two statues symbolic of the art of sculpture in the Nguyen Dynasty.

Hundreds of years have elapsed but all four architectural structures remain intact. Vinh Nghiem Pagoda remains a major training centre of Buddhism with wooden shelves for the printing of Buddhist sutras still conserved as evidence of the important role of the pagoda.

  1. Xuong Giang Victory Historic Relic Site:

The Xuong Giang Victory site is an outstanding relic site that preserves the material and cultural remnants of a special and turbulent historical period in Vietnamese history. It is one of famous tourist destinations in Bac Giang.

The Xuong Giang victory site formerly belonged to Dong Nhan commune (or Thanh village), Bao Loc district, Lang Giang prefecture, Kinh Bac region.

Together with many other places such as Chi Lang, Can Tram and Pho Cat, Xuong Giang became a center of many important events in the Le Loi-led Lam Son uprising against the Ming invaders.

This place witnessed two big victories of the Lam Son insurgents, including the Xuong Giang citadel attack (September 1427) and the Chi Lang-Xuong Giang strategic battle (November 1427).

In the Chi Lang-Xuong Giang battle, the Lam Son insurgents sieged and killed nearly 70,000 enemy troops and completely destroying the rescue plan of the Ming forces, forcing Wang Zong in Dongguan to beg for peace and withdraw troops, thus bringing independence to the Kingdom of Dai Viet.

Going through historical periods, the Xuong Giang Victory historic site in Xuong Giang ward, Bac Giang city has now been the place recording the most vivid historical event still left about the 10-year glorious uprising against the Ming invaders.

This is a vivid testament to the Vietnamese nation’s patriotic tradition and ingenious military art in fighting foreign invaders. This is also an outstanding relic site storing the material and cultural remnants of a special and turbulent historical period in Vietnamese history.

At present, the Xuong Giang Victory relic is a venue for many cultural and religious events associated with the cultural and spiritual life of the ethnic communities in Bac Giang province and many other localities.

With these values, on December 31, 2019, the Prime Minister signed Decision No. 1954 on the recognition of Xuong Giang Victory site as a special national relic. Previously, in 2009, the site was recognized as a national relic by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

Annually, the Xuong Giang Festival is held on January 6-7 with a large scale. Through the festival, the heroic historical traditions of the forefathers are aroused and promoted well among generations of descendants.

For such values, the Xuong Giang Victory relic site is also a unique and attractive cultural and historical destination for both domestic and foreign tourists.

  1. Khe Ro Primitive Forest:

Khe Ro primitive forest is a wonderful destination that tourists should not miss if visiting Western Yen Tu natural reserve. It is a famous tourist destination in Bac Giang. A travel tour to Khe Ro primitive forest will bring people close to the wild life to get leisure, fresh feelings and truly, pure senses about nature.

Located in Western Yen Tu natural reserve, about 150km northeast far from Hanoi, Khe Ro primitive forest belongs to An Lac commune, Son Dong district, being a typical primitive forest of Vietnam Northeast region. The forest covers 7,153ha land including 5,092ha natural forest with the diverse ecosystem.

Khe Ro forest situates between two streams Nuoc Vang and Khe Din; in the middle of the forest, there flows Khe Ro stream, that’s why the forest is named Khe Ro. The forest’s height increases steadily from Northeast to Southwest; the difference is 600-700m. It is adjacent to Ba Che district, Quang Ninh provincein the south and southeast; to Dinh Lap district, Lang Son province in the east and northeast.

Khe Ro primitive forest is the living place of 786 types of vegetation including many rare and specious ones such as: pomu, thong tre, incense, ironwood , thong lang, Amomum, ba tich, etc…; 226 animal species belonging to 81 ordos, 24 familias , including the ones listed in red data book: Tibetan bear, chamois, Malayan bear, leopard, golden turtle, pangolin … It is a forbidden primitive forest that maintains its wildness, being suitable for visitors who are interested in adventure and discovering wild na The landscape of Khe Ro is very wild and fascinating with bushy canopies, springs, falls, rocky rapids, especially pure blue lakes inside the forest where people can freely swim and take a bath.

The majority of local residents belong to Tay ethnic group; others are the Dao, Chinese and Kinh people. Every day, they go to the forest gathering herbal medicine in the morning, in the afternoon they wash clothes and take a bath near the springs. Their life is simple and goes peacefully.

  1. Cam Son lake:

Cam Son Lake in Luc Ngan District, Bac Giang Province, is a famous tourist site that you should not miss when you visit the north. Cam Son lake is an interesting tourist destination in Bac Giang.

The lake covers 2,600ha, but during the rainy season it swells to 3,000ha. The 30km-long lake is 7 kilometers at its widest point and 200 meters at the narrowest.

It is surrounded by mountain ranges.

Hiring a wooden boat is the best way to admire the scenery and get close to nature. You can find a quiet place to anchor and throw in a fishing line.

After exploring the lake, visitors should take a hike to visit the local tribe and learn about their daily lives and customs – enjoy local specialties such as chestnut, honey and gecko wine. Singing is also popular among the San Chi, Cao Lan, Nung, and Tay minorities in this area.

Bac Giang Province, 51 kilometers from Hanoi, has three large rivers including Luc Nam, Thuong and Cau. The province also boasts many other attractions such as Duc La Pagoda built early in the Tran Dynasty. The pagoda is in the foothills of Co Tien (Fairy) Mountain and bound by Luc River, rice fields and small villages. Nham Bien Mountains are in the distance.

  1. Tho Ha village:

Tho Ha village is one of the most famous tourist destinations in Bac Giang. Tho Ha Village is in Bac Giang Province, 50km north of Hanoi. The village used to specialize in making pottery wares. In the 1980s, the villagers abandoned the old tradition and adopted new ones: making rice noodles, rice crackers… Vietnam is fast in advancing forward yet visiting Tho Ha you can find remains of the past blended into the present shaping up something traditional…

From Hanoi you can travel to Tho Ha for half a day following the old Route 1A to Bac Ninh City, crossing the old citadel at Bac Ninh and head to the Nhu Nguyet River. A short boat ride across the river will bring you right to Tho Ha Village on the other side.

The village itself is a maze of alleys and small roads most of which are about 1 meter-wide. Walking through the village, you’ll walk by and under bamboo trellises which locals put rice noodle on to get sun-dried. The villagers will be at work in their home or outside of the village and the whole village is quiet most of the time. The houses here are reminders of the village occupation once upon a time: roofs of red tiles, walls made of broken pottery vases and earthen sarcophagus… You’ll be more likely to be carried back in time.

  1. Dream spring (Mo spring):

Streaming through a valley between Huyen Dinh and Yen Tu mountains, Mo Spring is located in Nghia Phuong Commune, Luc Nam District, Bac Giang Province. This beautiful attraction is about 90km from Hanoi and 40km from Bac Giang City. Dream spring is an amazing tourist destination in Bac Giang.

Characteristics: due to geological structure, Mo Spring has lots of huge rocks formed in different shapes. These stones are positioned in tiers to make different levels of slopes within the stream bed, which creates various falls of different sizes. Consequently, there appeared many natural bath tubs. Along both sides of the stream are luxuriant trees looking into the clear water.

Built in the Ly Dynasty in the area along the stream are Suoi Mo Temples include Den Thuong (upper temple), below along the spring are Den Trung (middle temple) and Den Ha (lower temple). The temple has been used for worshiping the Holy Mother of the top mountain called Que My Nuong. According to the local tales, she was the daughter of the 16th Hung King. Located next to Mo Spring are Ho Bac Pagoda, the area of 3 palaces and 7 foundations, Tran Temple, horse race ground, Xoan Communal House, Cong Xanh and Tro temples. Particularly, there has the Mo Spring Festival which is annually held on the 1st day of the fourth lunar month. In 1988, Mo Spring was recognized by the Ministry of Culture and Information as a historical relic.

  1. Khuon Than lake:

Khuon Than lake in Bac Giang is a good place to see, which is 40km from Bac Giang town and in Luc Ngan district.

At the heart of this tourist site is Khuon Than Lake, which is surrounded by pine trees and mountains, with air that is fresh all year round. The 800ha Khuon Than Forest includes 300ha of natural forest, and 400ha of plantation forest and meadow. And there are also large orchards. At the site there’s also the Tu Ma temple, built to honor a Tran Dynasty general, and the State has designated this to be a cultural relic. Visitors to the Khuon Than tourist site can also learn about the distinctive customs of the San Chi, Cao Lan, Nung and Tay ethnic minority people that are living there.

Visitors to the Khuon Than tourist site may want to camp out and also take a boat around the Khuon Than Lake to contemplate its natural beauty. They can also eat local honey, gecko wine, chestnuts, litchi, and participate in the traditional cultural activities of the inhabitants here.

The 7,153ha Khe Ro primeval forest is located in An Lac commune, Son Dong district and in it are 5,092ha of natural forest. It is an ancient primeval forest typical of that which once existed across the entire northeastern part of Vietnam. The forest is located at the confluence of two streams, the Khe Ro and the Khe Din. The northern and western parts of the Khe Ro forest are in An Lac commune, Bac Giang province, the eastern and northeastern parts border Dinh Lap district of Lang Son province, and the southern and southeastern parts border Ba Che district of Quang Ninh province.

  1. Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Zen Monastery:

Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Monastery is a cultural and architectural artwork designed to preserve, honor and promote the non-material value of Truc Lam Yen Tu, contributing to developing the potential of “spiritual cultural tourism” in Nham Bien mountain area; linked with the system of pagodas, historical relics, and scenic places in Yen Dung district; linked with the relic of Tay Yen Tu. Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Monastery is also the place where Vietnamese Buddhist literature and culture is kept, for those who want to study and practice according to Truc Lam Zen

Nham Bien is the name of the mountain range located in Yen Dung and Viet Yen districts of Bac Giang province, between the ancient Yen Dung plain and the majestic spirit connecting two Thuong river and Cau River, from ancient times, it is a strategic location in the construction and defense of the country. Significantly, this is also a place to store special traces of culture and spirituality are important …

In the range of Nham Bien mountain, its highest peak is Non Vua peak, where the spirit is very strong, only sunny days to see the tops. Non Vua mountain is nearly 300m above sea level. From the side of the mountain there are small water slides flowing down Nguyet Nham Pagoda, and then rushing into the Thuong River. Especially, Non Vua is located in a dense area of ​​historical site of Ly-Tran as evidence of the sacred of this land with many temples such as Hang Cham Pagoda, Nguyet Nham Pagoda, Lieu De Pagoda, Pagoda Cream and so on Away 15km from Vua temple of Dong Bac as Vinh Nghiem pagoda (also known as La Pagoda) located at the top of truc Lam Zen built by Emperor Tran Nhan Tong – the place which Truc Lam tam to used to chair and trained monks from the 13th century.

Therefore, recently, Yen Dung district, Bac Giang province has set up the project to build Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Monastery on Non Vua mountain in Nham Son commune, Yen Dung district. Stone laying ceremony began on November 26, 2011 (ie November 2, Tan Mao year).

On scale, Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Monastery belongs to Kem village, Nham Son commune, Yen Dung district; the North borders with Nham Bien mountain and the residential area of ​​Kem village, Minh Phuong district, Minh Phuong village in the south, Nham Bien mountain in the east, Kem village in the west and the lake of Nham Son commune. This is a place to study, preserve the bibliography, cultural publications of Buddhism and Truc Lam Zen, introduce the Buddhist culture of Vietnam and spiritual and ecological tourism.

Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Monastery has an area of ​​about 18ha; In particular, the construction scale of the temple is 12.5ha, including: Land for construction of internal and external monasteries, transport land, yards and greenery land. In addition, standards of technical infrastructure for traffic, electricity system, water supply and sewage … are built and designed synchronously meeting the criteria under planning.

Master plan of Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Monastery is very focused on the emphasis on space, the location of construction items; Traditional Buddhist architecture, in harmony with the landscape and in accordance with the orientation of socio-economic development.

The construction of Truc Lam Phuong Hoang Monastery will create more eco-tourism landscapes, meet the needs of cultural activities spiritual beliefs of the people, preserve and promote the cultural values ​​of the ancient people. , especially following the thought of Truc Lam Zen. At the same time, “connecting” four-way tourists with a system of major cultural and spiritual destinations in the region such as Kiep Bac temple, Vinh Nghiem pagoda and Yen Tu sacred mountain.

  1. Dong Cao plateau:

Located in Thach Son commune, Son Dong district, Bac Giang Province, about 150 km away from Hanoi capital, Dong Cao plateau (Cao Nguyên Đồng Cao) is at the high altitude of nearly 1,000 meters above the sea level. This attracts visitors for its huge forest, strange shaped ancient rock and the moment of contemplate sunrise which flies through these foggy clouds floating over the mountains. Indeed, its wildness and purity makes Dong Cao plateau become an excellent campground for adventurous travelers.

From Hanoi, by private transportation, you can go along 1A highway to reach Bac Giang. However, riding motorbike will be an interesting experience because you can feel this winding path. You can go there in any season, however, the best time is June and July, you will be lured by red paths with ripe litchi.

Dong Cao plateau is best suitable for camping picnic trip. Many young travelers come here and find a flat land in the plateau to camp. They can light campfire and prepare meal by themselves.

In the evening, they can contemplate bright stars in the night sky, chat together and enjoy fresh atmosphere. Sleeping overnight in a tent on Dong Cao plateau will be an amazing experience. In the peaceful and quite area, you can feel the cool and fresh air, hear the howls of the wind and the sound of insects and watch splendid sky of bright stars and moon. You will absolutely feel refreshing. Wind blows over your hair. Insects sing their own songs. The sound of the night always makes people feel peaceful and miraculous.

Camping in Dong Cao plateau, you should not miss the experience to wake up early when misty and foggy clouds covers the plateau. You have to find out the way by the light of your flash to wait for the beautiful dawn. Sitting on a stone and watching the sun gradually coming out in the very wonderful natural scenery is very interesting moment. Many paparazzi and adventurous travelers come here to snap a shot of sunrise and sunset over the horizon.

  1. Bo Da Pagoda:

The distinct brown colour of soil walls, the yin and yang tiles, its wooden fences and big water jars give Bo Da Pagoda an old-world feel. The pagoda houses a remarkable collection of the oldest Buddhist texts in Vietnam, which are engraved on a type of ebony [Diospyros decandra] wooden blocks and have lasted for hundreds of years without any preservatives.

Bo Da Pagoda was built in the 11th century during the Ly Dynasty, the golden age of Buddhism in Vietnam. The pagoda, which has survived several wars and been renovated many times throughout the centuries, now demonstrates the architectural style of the Nguyen Dynasty (the last dynasty of feudal Vietnam).

Its architectural complex consists of nearly 100 ancient compartments, which all open into one another, and features a distinct layout that resembles the word “quốc” (國-“state”) in Chinese. Therefore, although the complex appears to be closed from the outside, once getting to the inner area of the pagoda, visitors probably get lost within a maze of corridors and shrine rooms.

Tourists may wish to pray in the sanctuary hall or absorb themselves in a sacred atmosphere in the 2-arch Tower Garden along the hill outside the pagoda.

The pagoda is famous for its record as the largest tower garden in Vietnam with 97 towers, inside which are the cremated ash remains of 1,214 monks and nuns of Lam Te Buddhism. All of these towers are made of stone and solid brick, coated with lime, molasses and wood-pulp and inscribed with the days of birth and death of the monks and nuns.

Bo Da pagoda is also home of over 2,000 Sutra woodblocks dated from the 18th century. Carved on “thi” wood (Diospyros decandra) that is light, pliable yet durable, the woodblocks have survived time and weather without any preservative. Those priceless woodblocks are now carefully preserved and protected in the pagoda’s library but can be shown to visitors if they ask for permission of the monks.

(Author: Huyen Nguyen)

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